Tag Archives: Networking Interview Questions

Networking Questions

What is DNS?

Domain name system/server is used to translate the IP address into the hostname and hostname into the IP address. DNS is mostly used on the internet and the networks.

What is DHCP?

Dynamic host configuration protocol is used to dynamically assign the IP address to the networked computers and devices. DHCP is a network protocol that automatically assigns static and dynamic IP addresses from its own range.

What is a Router?

Router is the most important network device that is used to connect two logically and physically different networks. Router defines the short possible route for the data to reach its destination. A router works with built-in intelligent software known as routing table, which helps to determine the route between the two networks.

What is Gateway?

A gateway is software or a hardware that is used to connect the local area network with the internet. A gateway is a network entrance point and a router usually works as a gateway.

What is WLAN?

WLAN or Wireless local area network is simply a type of network that doesn’t use wired Ethernet connections for networking. WLAN uses wireless network devices such as wireless routers etc.

What is Subnet Mask?

A subnet mask is used to determine the number of networks and the number of host computers. Every class of the IP address uses the different range of the subnet mask. Subnet masks allow the IP based networks to be divided into the sub networks for performance and security purposes.

What is a MAC Address?

MAC address or Media Access control is a unique identifier of a computer device. The MAC address is provided by the manufacturer of the device. MAC addresses are 12 digital hexadecimal numbers.

What is an IP Address?

An IP address is a unique identifier of a computer or network device on the local area network, WAN or on internet. Every host computer on the internet must have a unique IP address. IP addresses on the internet are usually assigned by the local ISPs to which users are connected.

What is Wifi?

Wi Fi or wireless fidelity is a base band network technology that is used for the wireless data communication.

What is WiMax?

Wi Fi is a next form of the Wi fi. Wi max is a very high speed broadband network technology that is designed for the corporate offices, roaming and home users.

Name the Seven Layers of OSI Model

The seven layers of the OSI are Application, Presentation, Sessions, Transport, Network, Data Link and Physical layer.

What is LDAP?

Lightweight Directory Access Protocol is used to access the directory services from the Active directory in Windows operation systems.

What are the standard port numbers for SMTP, POP3, IMAP4, RPC, LDAP, and FTP?

SMTP – 25, POP3 – 110, IMAP4 – 143, RPC – 135, LDAP, FTP-21, HTTP-80

What is IPv6?

IP V6 is a next generation protocol that is used as an expansion of DNS.

What is UDP?

UDP or user datagram protocol is a connectionless protocol that is used to transfer the data without any error handling.

What is Firewall?

A firewall is usually a software program that is installed on the network server or gateway. The purpose of the firewall is to protect the network resources from the intruders and unauthorized persons.

What is Virtual Private Network (VPN) and how does it work?

VPN or virtual private network is used to connect two networks by means internet. VPN uses PPTP (point to point tunneling protocol) and other security procedures to make a secure tunnel on internet.

Define VOIP

VOIP or voice over internet protocol is a technology that uses IP based networks such as internet or private networks to transmit the voice communication.

Define Bluetooth Technology

Bluetooth is a short range wireless technology that uses radio waves for communication. Many mobile phones, laptops, MP3 players have built in features of the Bluetooth.

What is a RAS server?

RAS or remote access server allows you to remote dial in through the desktop computers, laptops and GSM mobile phones.

What’s a Frame Relay?

Frame relay is high speed data communication technology that operates at the physical and data link layers of the OSI model. Frame relay uses frames for data transmission in a network.

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Networking Interview Questions

What is IPv6?

Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is a network layer IP standard used by electronic devices to exchange data across a packet-switched internetwork. It follows IPv4 as the second version of the Internet Protocol to be formally adopted for general use.  ipv6 it is a 128 bit size address. This is total 8 octants each octant size is 16 bits separated with “:”, it is in hexa decimal format. These 3 types:

  1. unicast address
  2. multicast address
  3. anycast address

loopback address of ip v6 is ::1

What is subnet?

A subnet allows the flow of network traffic between hosts to be segregated based on a network configuration. By organizing hosts into logical groups, subnetting can improve network security and performance.

What is Subnet Mask?

A mask used to determine what subnet an IP address belongs to. An IP address has two components, the network address and the host address. For example, consider the IP address 150.215.017.009. Assuming this is part of a Class B network, the first two numbers (150.215) represent the Class B network address, and the second two numbers (017.009) identify a particular host on this network.

Subnetting enables the network administrator to further divide the host part of the address into two or more subnets. In this case, a part of the host address is reserved to identify the particular subnet. This is easier to see if we show the IP address in binary format.

What is Default Gateway?

a gateway is a device on a network that acts as an entrance to another network. In more technical terms, a gateway is a routing device that knows how to pass traffic between different subnets and networks. A computer will know some routes (a route is the address of each node a packet must go through on the Internet to reach a specific destination), but not the routes to every address on the Internet. It won’t even know all the routes on the nearest subnets. A gateway will not have this information either, but will at least know the addresses of other gateways it can hand the traffic off to. Your default gateway is on the same subnet as your computer, and is the gateway your computer relies on when it doesn’t know how to route traffic.

The default gateway is typically very similar to your IP address, in that many of the numbers may be the same. However, the default gateway is not your IP address.

Describe how the DHCP lease is obtained.
It’s a four-step process consisting of (a) IP request, (b) IP offer, © IP selection and (d) acknowledgement.

What’s the difference between forward lookup and reverse lookup in DNS?
Forward lookup is name-to-address, the reverse lookup is address-to-name.

How can you recover a file encrypted using EFS? Use the domain recovery agent.

What is LMHOSTS file?
It’s a file stored on a host machine that is used to resolve NetBIOS to specific IP addresses.

How can you force the client to give up the dhcp lease if you have access to the client PC?
ipconfig /release