Steps to Attach a SQL Server database without transaction log file


Problem: There could be situation where you missed the database transaction log file(.LDF) and you have only data file (.MDF). You can attach the database using below solution.

Solution: In the below script I have created the database,dropped its log file and created the database with the .mdf file.

--created database with .mdf and .ldf file
CREATE DATABASE [singleFileDemo] ON  PRIMARY 
( NAME = N'singleFileDemo', FILENAME = N'L:\singleFileDemo.mdf' , SIZE = 2048KB , FILEGROWTH = 10240KB )
 LOG ON 
( NAME = N'singleFileDemo_log', FILENAME = N'F:\singleFileDemo_log.ldf' , SIZE = 1024KB , FILEGROWTH = 5120KB )
GO

--inserting data into database
use singleFileDemo
create table tb1 (name varchar(10))

--inserting records
insert into tb1 values('Jugal')
go 10;

--deleting the log file
--detaching the database file
USE [master]
GO
EXEC master.dbo.sp_detach_db @dbname = N'singleFileDemo'
GO

-- now next step is delete the file manually or you can do it from command prompt
EXEC xp_cmdshell 'del F:\singleFileDemo_log.ldf'

-- script to attach the database 
USE [master]
GO
CREATE DATABASE [singleFileDemo] ON 
( FILENAME = N'L:\singleFileDemo.mdf' )
FOR ATTACH
GO 

When you will execute the CREATE DATABASE FOR Attach script you will get the below warning message.

File activation failure. The physical file name "F:\singleFileDemo_log.ldf" may be incorrect.
New log file 'F:\singleFileDemo_log.LDF' was created.

Once the database is ready execute the DBCC CHECKDB for any error.

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Thanks for the comment, will get back to you soon... Jugal Shah

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