As per the options you choose during the SQL Server installation, it will install below services on server.
SQL Server Database Services – The service is used for SQL Server relational Database Engine.
SQL Server Agent – is used for scheduling. It executes jobs, monitors SQL Server, send alerts, and enables automation of some of the administrative tasks.
Analysis Services – Provides online analytical processing (OLAP) and data mining functionality for business intelligence applications.
Reporting Services – Manages, executes, creates, schedules, and delivers reports.
Integration Services –is used for SSIS package. It provides management support for Integration Services package storage and execution.
SQL Server Browser – The name resolution service that provides SQL Server connection information for client computers. It is used for named instance only.
Full-text search – Provided full text index and searching facility for BLOB columns.
SQL Server Active Directory Helper – Publishes and manages SQL Server services in Active Directory.
SQL Writer – Allows backup and restore applications to operate in the Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) framework.