Peer-to-peer transactional replication
Peer-to-peer transactional replication allows you insert, update, or delete data at any node in a topology and have data changes propagated to the other nodes.
Because we can change data at any node, data changes at different nodes could conflict with each other.
In SQL Server 2008, peer-to-peer replication introduces the option to enable conflict detection across a peer-to-peer topology. This option helps us prevent the issues that are caused by undetected conflicts.
When we enable conflict detection, a conflicting change is considered a critical error that causes the Distribution Agent to fail. In the event of a conflict, the topology remains in an inconsistent state until the conflict is resolved and the data is made consistent across the topology.
To use conflict detection, all nodes must be running SQL Server 2008 or a later version, and detection must be enabled for all nodes. You can enable and disable detection in Management Studio either by using the Subscription Options page of the Publication Properties dialog box or the Configure Topology page of the Configure Peer-to-Peer Topology Wizard.
You can also enable and disable conflict detection by using the sp_addpublication or sp_configure_peerconflictdetection stored procedures.
sp_configure_peerconflictdetection [ @publication= ] ‘publication’
[ , [ @action= ] ‘action’]
[ , [ @originator_id= ] originator_id ]
[ , [ @conflict_retention= ] conflict_retention ]
[ , [ @continue_onconflict= ] ‘continue_onconflict’]
[ , [ @local= ] ‘local’]
[ , [ @timeout= ] timeout ]
sp_help_peerconflictdetection stored procedure returns information about the conflict detection settings for a publication that is involved in a peer-to-peer transactional replication