MySQL and Linux commands

Where are the MySQL binaries stored? Find the location? : which mysql


Find the version of MySQL: mysql -V


Start the MySQL server: /usr/bin/mysqld_safe –user=mysql & or /etc/init.d/mysql start


Validate MySQL process has started: ps -afe | grep mysqld


Validate MySQL server is up and running: mysql> SHOW VARIABLES LIKE “%version%”;


Find the columns of the table in MySQL: mysql> SHOW COLUMNS FROM dept;


Find the table related information: SHOW TABLE STATUS LIKE ‘dept’ \G


Display all tables: Mysql> show tables


Display all databases: Myql> show databases


Display tables from the non current database: Mysql> SHOW TABLES FROM database_name;


List the filed of the tables

mySQL> describe tableName


Backup/Dump all databases

[mysql dir]/bin/mysqldump -u root -ppassword –opt >/tmp/alldatabases.sql


Backup/Dump particular database

[mysql dir]/bin/mysqldump -u username -ppassword –databases databasename >/tmp/databasename.sql


Backup/Dump a table from a database

[mysql dir]/bin/mysqldump -c -u username -ppassword databasename tablename > /tmp/databasename.tablename.sql


Restore database (or database table) from backup

[mysql dir]/bin/mysql -u username -ppassword databasename < /tmp/databasename.sql






Thanks for the comment, will get back to you soon... Jugal Shah

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